After victory on sikrigarh, the city became capital of Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. After Jahangir’s second birthday (also known as Salim) Akbar decided to shift his capital from Agra to the Sikri ridge, to honor Salim Chishti in 1571
Akbar commenced the construction of a planned walled city, taking next fifteen years in planning and construction. A series of royal palaces, harem, courts, a mosque, private quarters and other utility buildings became part of Akbar’s obsession with city. He took a deep interest in the buildings of capital and probably also dictated its architectural style, planning the complex on Persian principles. With Indian embellishments, availability of sandstone in the neighboring areas of city helped buildings to be made of the red stone. The imperial Palace complexes include Arab and central Asia patterns tent encampments, reflecting diverse regional architectural influences within a holistic.
The city was abandoned shortly after its completion, owing to paucity of water and the capital was shifted to Lahore, before Akbar moving back to Agra in 1598. Mughals never returned to the city except for a brief period in 1601. Apart from the imperial buildings complex, ruins of the bazaars of the old city near the Naubat Khana, are main tourist attraction. The most important buildings in this city, from both religious and secular perspective are Buland Darwaza and the Jama Masjid. Other important buildings are Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Ibadat Khana, Anup Talao, Hujra-i-Anup Talao, Mariam-uz-Zamani’s Palace, Naubat Khana, Pachisi Court and Panch Mahal.