Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

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Year : 7th and 8th centuries | State : Tamil Nadu | City : Chennai

The site is at the 58 km drive from Chennai, Tamil Nadu at Mahabalipuram, a town that gained prominence under the rule of Mamalla. This world heritage site gained UNESCO World Heritage site distinction in year 1984. The flourishing temple town is believed to be over two thousand years old, having about forty monuments. Mahabalipuram testifies the Pallavas civilization of south-east India.

Temples in the form of chariots – Ratha Temples (temples in the form of chariots) and Mandapas, which are eleven caves sanctuaries covered with bas-reliefs, are among main tourist attractions. Varaha Cave Temple, Krishna Cave Temple, Pancha Pandava Cave Temple and the Mahishasuramardini Cave Temple made this place an unforgettable cultural site. Rock relief category includes the largest open air Rock relief also known as Bhagiratha’s Penance. Temples cut out of rock like the famous Shore Temple with its high stepped pyramidal tower and thousands of sculptures dedicated to Lord Siva demonstrate the greatness of Classical Indian art. The influence of the sculptures is characterized by the softness and supple mass of their modeling.

Standing against the background of the deep blue waters of the ocean, another surprising piece of architectural is the Shore temple. It was built when the constructional style of the Pallavas was at its peak and intrinsic quality. The nearest airport to the site is Chennai with an international and domestic terminal, which is just 58 km from the place, Chennai’s well-connected network to all major cities help place to be accessible by Tourists. The nearest railway stations are Chenglapattu, 29 km away, having a fine rail network connecting all major rail junctions of India. Mahabalipuram is connected to road by Chennai, Pondicherry, Kanchipuram and other important cities of Tamil Nadu State.

Map of Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram