Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture, this building was designed by F. W. Stevens, a British architect. After its completion, this western piece of architecture became the symbol of Bombay, the main international mercantile port from India. Started in 1878, it took over 10 years to be completed, considering Victorian Gothic design and medieval Italian models.
The site is associated with the origins of Mumbai as a city as the city could flourish only after the building of railway connections. With the development of trade, Bombay governor planned a series of works and the site is one of them. Being an excellent example of Anglo-Indian architect, the building was established after collective work of British architects with Indian craftsmen. The intention was to include Indian architectural tradition and idioms thus defining a new and unique style to Bombay. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is fine illustration of late 19th century railway architecture in the British Commonwealth, accomplished by advanced structural and technical solutions.
Victoria Terminus Station, the most impressive among all building that were built in Bombay, by Brtish governor, was named after Queen Victoria. The queen was empress of India, during British Raj, on whose Golden Jubilee the Terminus was formally opened in 1887. Originally intended to be administrative office of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, a number of buildings have been added to Terminus subsequently. With every addition it was made sure that new structure harmonizes with the main structure. Though new station was built to handle main-line traffic in 1929, yet the original building is still in use for suburban traffic, being administrative headquarters of the Central Railway.