Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Panchmahal
The site glorifies palaces, religious structures, residential sectors, agricultural organizations and water installations, from 8th and 14th centuries.
Attracting large numbers of pilgrims throughout the year, The Kalikamata Temple from the site, on top of the Pavagadh Hill is considered an imperative shrine. As one of the prominent Shaktipeeths of Hindu religion, the hill is sacred with Kalikamata Temple at the summit of the hill. Less than an hour drive from Baroda, Champaner-Pavagadh is one of the remarkable World Heritage Sites. From 2nd century AD to Rajput-Hindu, Jain and Islamic secular and religious monuments, Champaner-Pavagadh had a truly impressive setting.
Spread over more than six km, it comprises sacred hill of Pavagadh with the ancient Kalikamata Temple and remains of Champaner together. Champaner was a sprawling, affluent medieval capital city built by the pre-Mughal Sultans of Gujarat. The reddish-yellow Pavagadh hill contains some of the oldest rock formations in India. From the highest point of hill, one can enjoy the sightseeing of illustrious forests of Champaner so as the tanks, waterways, fort walls, bastions and other fragments of medieval military architecture.
For a number of years, Pavagadh was ruled by descendants of Prithviraj Chauhan who made hill the house of several forts. Since Champaner and Pavagadh were on the trade route to Malwa, Mehmud Begda was interested in capturing it. During his siege of city, he started building Champaner city at the base of Pavagadh, later making it his capital. The Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park indicates the earlier Hindu elements and later Muslim such as large domes, which is worth watching.