Humayun’s Tomb

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Year : 1562 | State : Delhi | City : Delhi

Being the first garden-tomb in India, it was also the first structure to use red sandstone. The tomb is located in Nizamuddin East Delhi, close to another site Purana Qila, founded by Humayun founded in 1533. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993, the Tomb has gone through an extensive restoration work. Besides the main tomb, several smaller monuments dot the pathway.

The complex encompasses the main tomb of the Humayun, with graves of his wife, Hamida Begum, and also son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan – Dara Shikoh along with Subsequent Mughals. Represented a leap in Mughal architecture, its Charbagh garden is a typical Persian garden, which is rare to be seen in Indian subcontinent. With Turkic and Mughal rule Central Asian and Persian styles of Islamic architecture by late 12-century started appearing in early Muslim monuments around Delhi and Humayun’s Tomb is another fine example of such inventive architectural style. Decorated by Persian architecture, the height of tomb reaches 47 meters. The tomb was the primary Indian building to employ the Persian double dome on a high neck drum.

The ‘double-layered’ dome with its outer layer supports the white marble exterior whereas inner part of tomb gives shape to the cavernous interior volume. The symmetrical exterior compliments the complex interior floor plan through an imposing entrance, which is slightly recessed and covered with intricate jails, stone lattice work. The burial chamber of the Humayun lies away in an underground chamber, beneath the upper cenotaph, which is accessible through a separate passage. The burial technique of Indo-Islamic architecture, inspired the other buildings, built during the Mughal Empire, like the Taj Mahal.

Map of Humayun’s Tomb