Visible from gardens of the Taj Mahal, Red Fort of Agra, also known as Agra Fort is one of the chief 16th-century Mughal monuments. Made of red sandstone, this place was residence of Mughal rulers for generations. Agra Fort is apparently a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. With walls of red sandstone, the fort is decorated and covered with graceful curves and lofty bastions, within enclosure walls of 2.5 km. Time by time this wonderful piece of architecture was rebuilt under supervision of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan.
Believed to be a brick fort initially, Sikandar Lodi was the first Sultan of Delhi who shifted to Agra and lived in the fort. His son, Ibrahim Lodi built several palaces, wells and a mosque in the fort during his period. After Panipat war, Babar captured the fort and stayed in the palace of Ibrahim. Realizing the significance of city, Akbar made Agra his capital and got Agra Fort rebuilt with red sandstone from Rajasthan. It was founded as Agra fort in 1565 by Akbar on the right bank of the Yamuna. Today it is situated on north-west extremity of the Shah Jahan Gardens which surround the Taj Mahal.
Agra Fort has two chief gates; the first one is Delhi Gate (The original and grandest entrance) whereas another is Amar Singh Gate. Delhi Gate was used to lead entrants to the inner doorway called the Elephant Gate, but now the way into the fort is only through the Amar Singh Gate. Agra fort is home of the Khas Mahal, the Shish Mahal, the octagonal tower of Muhammam Burj, main attraction for visitors. Most lovable reception rooms: Diwan-i-Khas and Diwan-i-Am was built in 1637 and 1628 respectively. These two marvelous rooms were built by the luxury-loving Shah Jahan. Within the palatial complex the Pearl Mosque (the Moti Masjid) and Nagina Masjid are grace of the fort. Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the marvelous Taj Mahal, was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb in the same fort and died in the Musamman Burj, a tower with a fine-looking marble balcony.